Ending all discrimination against women and girls is not only a basic human right, it’s crucial for sustainable future; it’s proven that empowering women and girls helps economic growth and development.
UNDP has made gender equality central to its work and we’ve seen remarkable progress in the past 20 years. There are more girls in school now compared to 15 years ago, and most regions have reached gender parity in primary education.
But although there are more women than ever in the labour market, there are still large inequalities in some regions, with women systematically denied the same work rights as men.
Sexual violence and exploitation, the unequal division of unpaid care and domestic work, and discrimination in public office all remain huge barriers. Climate change and disasters continue to have a disproportionate effect on women and children, as do conflict and migration.
It is vital to give women equal rights land and property, sexual and reproductive health, and to technology and the internet. Today there are more women in public office than ever before, but encouraging more women leaders will help achieve greater gender equality.
Facts and Figures
40% females in Namibia parliament
Namibia ranks 108th out of 159 countries with a Gender Inequality Index value of 0.474
Poverty rates among women have dropped from 22% in 2010 to 19% in 2016.
High Unemployment rates at 34% in 2016, highest among the youth at 43.4% and women unemployment at 38.3% compared to 29.8% for men.
Indicators and Results
5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.
- a) (T)
- a) (U)
- a) (R)
- a) 12M (T)
5.2.1 Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by form of violence
and by age
National Definition – Percentage of ever-married women age 15-49 who have ever experienced a) emotional, b) physical, or c) sexual violence committed by their husband/partner ever and in the past 12 months
- b) (T)
- b) (U)
- b) (R)
- b) 12M (T)
- c) (T)
- c) (U)
- c) (R)
- c) 12M (T)
5.2.2 Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to sexual violence by persons other than an intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by age and place of occurrence
National Definition – Percentage of Women age 15-49 who have ever experienced sexual violence in the 12 months preceding the survey
5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation.
- b) 15y
- b) 18y
- a) < 15y
- a) < 18y
5.3.1 Proportion of women aged 20–24 years who were married or in a union before age 15 and before age 18
National Definition – Proportion of women aged 20–24 years who were married or in a union a) before age 15 and before age 18 b) at exactly age 15 and 18
5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.
5.5.1 Proportion of seats held by women in (a) national parliaments and (b) local governments
National Definition – Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
- (R )
5.5.2 Proportion of women in managerial positions
National Definition – Percent distribution of women age 15-49 employed in the 12 months having Professional/technical/managerial positions
5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences.
5.6.1 Proportion of women aged 15–49 years who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care
National Definition – UN SDG Definition
5.a Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws.
- c) (T)
- c) (F)
- c) (M)
5.a.1 (a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure
National Definition – Proportion of Households owning land and have proof of ownership (Title Deed+ Letter from Chief)