We cannot hope for sustainable development without peace, stability, human rights and effective governance, based on the rule of law. Yet our world is increasingly divided. Some regions enjoy peace, security and prosperity, while others fall into seemingly endless cycles of conflict and violence. This is not inevitable and must be addressed.
Armed violence and insecurity have a destructive impact on a country’s development, affecting economic growth, and often resulting in grievances that last for generations.
Sexual violence, crime, exploitation and torture are also prevalent where there is conflict, or no rule of law, and countries must take measures to protect those who are most at risk
The SDGs aim to significantly reduce all forms of violence, and work with governments and communities to end conflict and insecurity. Promoting the rule of law and human rights are key to this process, as is reducing the flow of illicit arms and strengthening the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance.
Facts and Figures
Namibia’s score stands at 83.9 in 2016 -Ibrahim Index of Africa Governance
Namibia has the 5th highest score in Good Governance out of 54 African nations
Namibia is ranked 53/180 on the Corruption Perceptions Index in 2017 -Transparency International Perception Corruption Index
Indicators and Results
16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.
16.1.1 Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and
National Definition – UN SDG Definition
16.1.4 Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live
National Definition – Proportion of population that felt safe walking in the neighbourhood in the past year. (“Never” felt unsafe)
16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.
16.2.3 Proportion of young women and men aged 18–29 years who experienced
sexual violence by age 18
National Definition – Percentage of women age 15-19 who have experienced sexual violence in the 12 months preceding the survey
16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.
16.3.2 Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population
National Definition – Pre-trial detainees & remand prisoners as percentage of total prison population including pre-trial prisoners detained in police holding cells at a given day
16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.
16.5.1 Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months
National Definition – Proportion of people that think a) Government officials b) traditional leaders have been involved in corruption
16.5.2 Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months
National Definition – Proportion of firms experiencing at least one bribe payment request
16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.
16.6.1 Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar)
National Definition – Total Expenditure for FY, Total Execution Rate
16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.
16.9.1 Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age/p>
National Definition – Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority
16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.
16.10.1 Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months
National Definition – a) Freedom of Expression and Belief (D) b) Rule of Law (F)