Eradicating poverty in all its forms remains one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. While the number of people living in extreme poverty dropped by more than half between 1990 and 2015, too many are still struggling for the most basic human needs.
As of 2015, about 736 million people still lived on less than US$1.90 a day; many lack food, clean drinking water and sanitation. Rapid growth in countries such as China and India has lifted millions out of poverty, but progress has been uneven. Women are more likely to be poor than men because they have less paid work, education, and own less property.
Progress has also been limited in other regions, such as South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, which account for 80 percent of those living in extreme poverty. New threats brought on by climate change, conflict and food insecurity, mean even more work is needed to bring people out of poverty.
The SDGs are a bold commitment to finish what we started, and end poverty in all forms and dimensions by 2030. This involves targeting the most vulnerable, increasing basic resources and services, and supporting communities affected by conflict and climate-related disasters.
Facts and Figures
Namibia decreased poverty over the last decade (2008-2018) from 28% to 17.4%
Key policies and strategies adopted include adoption of the Blue Print on Wealth Redistribution and Poverty Eradication
Social Grant, Pension Grant, Disability Grant, Veterans Grant, and Orphans & Vulnerable Children Grant
Creation of Ministry of Poverty Eradication and Social Welfare
Indicators and Results
1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people every- where, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
1.1.1 Proportion of population below the international poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural)
National Definition – Proportion of employed population below the international poverty line of US$1.90 per day , working poverty rate
1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
- a) (T)
- a) (F)
- a) (M)
- a) (R)
- a) (U)
- b) (T)
- b) (F)
- b) (M)
- b) (R)
- b) (U)
1.2.1 Proportion of population living below the national poverty line, by sex and age
National Definition – a) severely poor (by sex head of HH) : LBPL (Lower bound poverty line) (2015/2016): 389.3 N$/m b) poor by sex (by sex head of HH) : UBPL (Upper bound poverty line) : 520.8 N$/m
1.2.2 Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
National Definition – Food Poverty Line, people that cannot afford to buy the minimum of 2100kcal per day (equivalent to 293.1 N$)/m
1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.
- (R )
1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services
National Definition – Proportion of households that have access to all services (water, sanitation, transport, information)
- c) (T)
- c) (F)
- c) (M)
1.4.2 Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure
National Definition – a) Proof of Land Ownership of households that indicated that they own the land on which their dwelling unit is chief + Title deed) b) Proportion of dwelling units with (title deed, leasehold certificate, land right certificate) c) Proportion of Households owning land and have proof of ownership (Title Deed+ Letter from Chief)
1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.
1.5.1 Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
National Definition – a) Number of agricultural households that experience severe natural disaster in the past 12 months. 1) floods 2) drought b) Affected persons (3 preceding years)
1.5.2 Direct economic loss attributed to disasters in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP)
National Definition – a) Economic Loss of floods with respect to GDP b) Economic Loss (3 preceding years)